Tried several times - no luck.
But here's something interesting.....I have a Surface Pro (2017) that just started Photos connection to OneDrive. Would not connect until 22 days ago (according to the screen). Now it won't Refresh even though I've added many pictures.
Just got a Surface Go. That is the one that will not connect to OneDrive now. I don't think this problem is related to the Go because of the experience with the Pro.